This is another entry in my list of articles on encrypting your entire digital life…
…from end to end. Click here for the lead article. This article is about encrypting your entire NON boot disk on your server, desktop, or laptop computer. These instructions are DIFFERENT from encrypting your boot disk, which you can find here. I’ll be giving specific instructions for Windows, but Mac & Linux steps are similar. These instructions are using free, open source software that’s NOT from Microsoft.
Short (VERY short version)
- Install encryption software.
- Backup the drive (no, seriously! DO THIS!)
- Select an empty drive letter.
- Select device.
The rest of this shows you the details of those steps.
- Download and Install VeraCrypt fromhttps://veracrypt.codeplex.com/releases/view/616110
- Select an available drive letter (your encrypted volume will have this drive letter, NOT the original drive letter).
- Click the “Select Device” button and choose your drive to be encrypted. (3 lines for each drive show up. Choose the line that contains your drive’s current drive letter).
- From the “System” menu, choose “Encrypt System Partition/Drive”.
- Follow the directions in the software.
DO NOT FORGET YOUR PASSPHRASE!!!!!
After that, you’re all done. Now, every time you reboot, if you want to open your encrypted drive, you’ll need to mount it with VeraCrypt. SO DON’T YOU DARE FORGET YOUR PASSWORD! Seriously! If you forget your passphrase, there’s NO WAY to recover it. That’s it. It’s done. The data on your non boot drive will be gone forever. You’ll have to reformat your drive and start all over OR pull out the drive and set it aside, hoping you’ll remember your passphrase some day. I cannot stress this enough. You CANNOT forget your passphrase! I recommend storing a HINT of your passphrase in an ENCRYPTED password management tool, like LastPass. I use the “secure notes” feature to store mine.
Your drive is now much more secure.
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